Ronda's environment has got, as special characteristic, lots of mountains. That means that the archaeological investigation has leaded to the knowledge of a great number of caves, lots of them already studied by Obermeier and Breuil at the beginning of the 20th century.

The most famous among the caves ist the one called La Pileta, located at Benaojan and discovered in 1905. It was declared National Monument in 1924. It contains an important number of cave's paintings representing goats, horses, cervids, bovids Among them, the most important are the ones called "The pregnant mare" and "The fish".

The conserved remains belonging to the Paleolithic show an important work by the side of the hunting and farmer human groups. The most important characteristic of these groups is the fact of changing the places where they live depending on the possibilities of surviving, specially concerning the hunting activity. At all these settlements there have been found tools and rest of them with a well defined Mustherian typology.

This cave was not only a place to live for the human people of that age, but also a place to be buried in, as proofed with the finding of human rests at different spaces of the cave.

Last but not least, it can be said that it is the cave with the most important cave's paintings of Andalusia.